Verdict of the District Court in The Hague (24th June 2015) finds in favour of plaintiff claim for action on the part of the Dutch Government to reduce the Netherlands contribution to climate change emissions. Specifically, the Government is tasked to reduce emissions by at least 25% within five years, whereas it hitherto had committed to reduce by 14-17% from 1990 levels by 2020.
The legal action was taken by the Urgenda Foundation and 900 co-plaintiffs (citizens) – information published by the Urgenda Foundation about this case, including the verdict text, is here. It is an action founded in human rights and tort law, and publicised as a first civil liability suit in the area of climate change.
Governments in the autumn are called to meet in Paris (November 30 to December 11) for COP21, CMP11 United Nations Climate Change Conference.
Paris will be the 21st yearly session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP 11) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The conference objective is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world. Leadership of the negotiations is yet to be determined.