Being able to ban live animal exports is considered a Brexit win (although note EU Animal Health rules also moved on since 31st Dec 2020). Animal welfare is a devolved policy area. The UK and Welsh governments consulted on the matter, and the Scottish government consulted separately. The UK and Welsh governments now publish their consultation response, and this is in line with proposals by the Scottish government – here.
The proposals will not apply to journeys under 65km. The proposals are –
* A ban on the export of livestock (cattle, sheep, goats and pigs) and horses from England, Wales and Scotland for slaughter and fattening. Exports for slaughter and fattening from England, Wales and Scotland will be prohibited whether the animals originate from or are travelling through England, Wales and Scotland.
The ban will apply to all exports of livestock and horses where an animal is exported to the place of destination in order to be fattened for subsequent slaughter.
The ban will be achieved via the Animal Welfare (Kept Animals) Bill (Clause 42) – here.
The proposals also cover maximum journey times, temperature and comfort during travel and other matters. These proposals could be achieved via Statutory Instruments or guidance, or both.