The UK Government has a Water Abstraction Plan. This was updated on 11th April 2019 – here.
I posted before about this.
Most businesses taking more than 20,000 litres of water a day directly from rivers or groundwater require an abstraction licence.
The Plan states that the current approach to managing abstraction has three main issues:
* some older licences allow abstraction that can damage the environment
[and indeed the decision in what became the Catfield Fen test case established this – see this useful Blog account of the issues and what happened – here]
* the current approach is not flexible enough to cope with the pressures of increasing demand for water and climate change in the long term, or to allow abstractors access to additional water when it is available
* the abstraction service is outdated and paper-based
The Plan document states – The Government published a range of approaches to address these issues in January 2016 following formal consultation. This plan explains how these will be implemented over the coming years. Our approach to addressing these issues has three main elements:
(1) making full use of existing regulatory powers and approaches to address unsustainable abstraction and move around 90% of surface water bodies and 77% of groundwater bodies to the required standards by 2021
(2) developing a stronger catchment focus – bringing together the Environment Agency, abstractors and catchment groups to develop local solutions to existing pressures and to prepare for the future. These local solutions will:
* protect the environment by changing licences to better reflect water availability in catchments and reduce the impact of abstraction
* improve access to water by introducing more flexible conditions that support water storage, water trading and efficient use
(3) supporting these reforms by modernising the abstraction service, making sure all significant abstraction is regulated and bringing regulations in line with other environmental permitting regimes
The Plan document states – We will report to parliament by May 2019 on progress made on abstraction reform.
The Plan document states – the Environment Agency will publish updated abstraction licensing strategies for 10 catchments by 2021.
The Plan document states – We are planning to move abstraction and impoundment regulations into the environmental permitting regulations. The move will provide a more modern and consistent legal framework for the day to day management of abstraction. We expect to consult on the detail of the move in early 2020.
The Plan document key milestones :
• January 2018 – start testing digital abstraction licences
• January 2018 to 31 December 2019 – application process for previously exempt abstractors open
• April 2018 – Environment Agency begins work in 4 priority catchments to test the approaches to improve access to water and begin to address local pressures
• By end of 2018 – Environment Agency to have revoked around 600 unused abstraction licences
• During 2019 – Defra reports to parliament demonstrating progress on abstraction reform
• By end 2019 – majority of licences available digitally and approach to submitting records online is improved
• Early 2020 – consult on moving water resources licensing to Environmental Permitting Regulations
• 2020 – Environment Agency publish 4 updated abstraction licensing strategies from initial catchments
• March 2020 – Environment Agency completes restoring sustainable abstraction programme
• 2021 – Environment Agency publish an additional 6 updated abstraction licensing strategies
• 2021 – 2,300 time limited licences reviewed by 2021
• 2021 – Environment Agency will report on progress against environmental targets
• 2021 – abstraction licences become environmental permits (subject to consultation)
• 31 December 2022 – all previously exempt abstractions will be permitted
• By 2027 – Environment Agency will have updated all abstraction licensing strategies
Following Catfield, and in accordance with this Plan, the Environment Agency has begun reviewing and withdrawing time limited abstraction licences in the Fens.