DEFRA has just published its draft Environment (Principles and Governance) Bill. This document is here.
The consultation response is here.
This Brexit bill is necessary because without oversight of the EU institutions and mechanisms, environmental governance in the U.K. would face gaps.
The draft Environment (Principles and Governance) Bill sets out how the government will maintain environmental standards as the UK leaves the EU. It also details how the UK will build on the vision of the 25 Year Environment Plan.
This includes creating an independent body – the Office for Environmental Protection (OEP) – which will:
• scrutinise environmental law and the government’s environmental improvement plan (EIP)
• investigate complaints on environmental law
• take enforcement action on environmental law
The draft Bill commits the government to publishing a policy statement which will set out how ministers should interpret and apply environmental principles. It also commits government to have a plan for environmental improvement.
In essence this Bill is the first part of the broader Environment Bill (not yet published). The broader Environment Bill will also include measures on air quality, nature recovery, waste and resource efficiency and water management. A policy paper is also published today (in connection with the Environment Bill). This policy paper is here.