UPDATE : this was (and is still technically) known as the EU COVID digital certificate – healthcareIT information is here.
From 1 July, the European Union will make available its COVID-19 vaccine passport for all EU citizens and residents, as well as for specific categories of travellers from third countries. All member states are expected to start issuing vaccine passports, at least partially, Switzerland and Iceland included.
The EU COVID-19 Vaccine Passport/Certificate is a one-piece document that can be issued to a traveller in both a paper and digital format.
Depending on the traveller’s status, there are three types of EU’s COVID-19 passport launched.
• Vaccination passport
• Test certificate
• Recovery certificate
Those holding such a document will be able to travel throughout Europe without the need to quarantine or test for COVID-19 (though the Member States may impose such restrictions on particular countries with a higher COVID-19 rate).
EU COVID Vaccination Passport
The EU COVID Vaccination Passport will be issued to all those who have been fully vaccinated against the Coronavirus, with one of the four vaccines approved by the European Medicine Agency (EMA), which are:
• Comirnaty (BioNTech, Pfizer)
• Vaxzevria (previously COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca, Oxford)
• Janssen (Johnson & Johnson)
The certificate will prove that its holder has been vaccinated while also containing additional information on the vaccine, as when the doses were administered, who is the manufacturer, etc.
The Commission has also permitted the Member States to issue certificates for travellers vaccinated with vaccines other than those approved by the EMA. However, the decision is up to each individual Member State if they want to permit entry for those vaccinated with such vaccines or not.
EU COVID Recovery Certificate
Travellers who have recently been infected with COVID-19, and recovered from it, should also be permitted to travel with an EU COVID travel certificate.
“The EU Digital Covid Certificate of recovery confirms that the holder has recovered from a SARS-CoV-2 infection following a positive test. It should be issued no earlier than 11 days after the first positive test,” the European Commission explains.
However, the Commission also points out that tests that detect if a person developed antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 – also known as antibodies tests – cannot be used to obtain a recovery certificate.
EU COVID test certificate
All travellers who test for COVID-19 with PCR or Rapid Antigen test, and result negative, can obtain an EU COVID certificate.
“A separate certificate will be issued for each test and will not contain any data from previous certificates,” the Commission notes.
The EU has not yet come with a common timeframe within which these tests must be taken, therefore, it is up to the Member States to decide.
More information is here.